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electronic journal Machines and Plants: Design and  Exploiting

Bauman Moscow State Technical University. El № FS 77-61859. ISSN 2412-592X

Fluid Composition Impact on Heat Exchangers Volume of Closed-Cycle Gas Turbine Plant

Machines and Plants: Design and Exploiting # 02, April 2016
DOI: 10.7463/aplts.0216.0837906
Article file: Aplts_Apr2016_025to037.pdf (1232.32Kb)
author: G.A. Shafikov1,*

1 Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Moscow, Russia

The paper subject is a choice of the fluid composition for the heat exchangers (HE) of a closed-cycle gas turbine plant (CGTP).
The study of the fluid composition impact on heater dimensions is a subtask in designing a 25 kW long-resourced CGTP with gas temperature of 1273 K before the turbine for a remote autonomous consumer of energy. The aim of this study is to find the optimal mixture to have the HE minimum volumes of the CGTP. Herein, heating is provided through the heat supply from the combustion of various cheap kinds of fuel, which, in turn, may result in contaminating heat exchange surfaces. In the analysis an additional condition is that it is necessary to reduce the level of contamination of heat exchange surfaces, which is reached by using a HE tubular matrix and a turbulent regime of flow.
A mixture of inert gas and helium- xenon is used, as a fluid, to increase the life of the plant. The paper illustrates how the thermal conductivity and viscosity of the helium-xenon mixture depend on the percentage composition of helium in the mixture.
The paper describes in detail the effect of the helium-xenon mixture composition on the mixture flow parameters in the preheater and on the volume of its matrix. In addition, it gives the calculation results on how the helium-xenon mixture composition effects on the volumes of the regenerator and cooler matrices.
After assessing the impact of the helium-xenon mixture composition on the HE parameters their comparison is conducted in terms of volume and cost of materials from which to make them. From these data a conclusion is drawn that the heater volume has a great effect on the cost of heat exchange equipment, and it is advisable to choose the mixture composition with which its volume is minimal.

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